How to become an environmental health officer

The term Health and safety is a very frequently heard term in our day to day lives. Protecting your health and safety from unwanted dangers is a major concern for people from all walks of life. The role of environmental health officers is vital in promoting health and hygiene and avoiding health disorders. From this article, you will know how to become an environmental health officer and learn about their roles and responsibilities. 

What is an environmental health officer? 

Environmental Health Officers assess and control environmental factors that can potentially affect health. They are also known as EHOs, Public Health Inspectors or Environmental Health Practitioners. EHOs keep our water, food, air, land, facilities and other environmental factors hazard-free. Whether biological, chemical or physical EHO address the related factors that pose the risk. Environmental Health Officers are responsible for carrying out measures.

  • protecting public health.
  • including administering.
  • enforcing legislation related to environmental health.
  • providing support to minimize health and safety hazards.


Environmental health officers are in charge of keeping track of and implementing health and hygiene laws. When an occurrence occurs, such as pollution, a noise epidemic, toxic emissions, insect infestation, or a food poisoning outbreak, they investigate.

What does an Environmental health officer do? 

EHO’s ensure people’s workplaces are clean, sanitary, and balanced conditions. You could specialize in one of these fields, or you could tackle all environmental health problems in your community or office. Your job could entail:

  • inspecting institutions for health and safety, as well as food quality and requirements
  • following up on complaints and looking at food poisoning, infectious disease, and insect outbreaks
  • collecting samples for processing in the lab
  • enforcing environmental and public health regulations
  • accident investigations at work
  • giving educational talks and advising youth organisations
  • holding testimony in courtroom trials
  • record-keeping and report-writing
  • advising employers on all facets of public sustainability

To foster healthy human health and sustainable practices, environmental health officers evaluate risk and create, control, administer, and track laws and regulations regulating public health for both the constructed and natural environments. Air, food, and water quality; disease vector control (mosquito control, for example); waste management; wildlife protection; health education; and noise control are all fields that environmental health officers can specialize in.

How to become an Environmental health officer 

Graduates and school dropouts alike will seek careers as environmental health officers. However, an approved environmental health degree is preferred for being an environmental health officer.


A degree accredited by the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health is required for graduates. After that, you’ll be able to qualify for the chartered environmental health professional scheme. If you don’t have a bachelor’s degree, you’ll need to take a postgraduate course before enrolling in the chartered program and moving on in your career.


Environmental health, environmental science, public health, or environmental management are the most popular university majors for environmental health officers. These subjects may be learned as part of a scientific, health science, social science, or natural science degree program. 


Obtaining the Senior Secondary Certificate of Education is normally required to enrol in these courses. Prerequisite topics, or presumed knowledge, in English, mathematics, biology, chemistry, and physics are usually required. Different colleges have different requirements, and others offer flexible entrance requirements or external study opportunities. For more details, contact the organizations you’re involved in.

Job responsibilities of an EHO

Wonder what an Environmental Health officer does throughout the day. The job of an EHO requires carrying out a number of responsibilities and obligations. These are as follows:   

Documentation and making reports

There are a lot of red tapes when it comes to health and safety. EHOs need to keep track of their checks and results, so reports are an important aspect of their job.

Organising training courses

EHOs aren’t going to shut down companies. But EHO is the one who will offer instruction to establish standards.  

Inquiring complaints

An EHO’s position entails a significant amount of complaint investigation. Due to the nature of their jobs, they are often called upon to investigate complaints. Sometimes even without warning

Serving Legal notes

For any health and safety violations, an EHO has the power to provide legal warnings to companies, landlords, and owners. Legal notices ensure immediate corrective measure to ensure the safety of the concerned.     

In court, providing evidence.

In certain cases where the civil action is required, an EHO would be required to appear in court and report their findings to a judge.

Acting with and liaising with groups.

Communication and good partnerships with other groups in the local community are crucial to an EHO’s growth. EHOs also rely on a collective initiative from several parties to address issues.

Providing advice to employers on all aspects of public health.

It is a vital part of an EHO’s job to keep all management up to date with the current environmental health problems in their culture.

Skills of an EHO

The skills required to perform the job of an EHO are as follows

  • Verbal qualities are excellent.
  • Excellent negotiating experience.
  • Courteous and tactful.
  • When it comes to making decisions, you must be able to be both firm and neutral.
  • Imaginative.
  • Capable of taking over.
  • Problem-solving ability.
  • Working individually or as part of a team is a plus.
  • You’ll need excellent listening skills as well as the ability to function in a group. 
  • Written and verbal communication skills are good and simple.
  • interpersonal skills to clarify laws and practices to individuals of all walks of life.
  • close attention to the smallest details
  • the willingness to think objectively about and overcome issues

Who hires an Environmental health officer? 

Usually, the city council employs an EHO to manage health and safety complaints. Other employers, on the other hand, might be involved in an EHO’s advanced expertise. There are some of them:

  • Large manufacturers
  • Occupational health and safety consultancies
  • Health service executives
  • Consultancies with local governments
  • The Armed Services
  • Organizations for profit
  • Supermarkets and big grocery stores are two types of large food retailers.

Local government websites and specialized environmental health industry-focused websites, such as EHN Jobs, post job openings. Larger, commercial organizations can place advertisements on national newspaper websites in addition to their own. Roles are often advertised by a few specialized recruiting firms.

Essential Online Courses to Master for Today’s Job Market

Concluding remarks 

Most EHOs seek to help and educate company owners to better, despite the fact that they are often mistaken. They have no intention of closing down companies and will go over and beyond to provide the resources needed to provide a secure and efficient service in every sector.

April 8, 2021

About US

We are a company who is best known for offering awarding body accredited courses for anyone who wishes to take their professional life to the next level.

 11 Floor, 15 St Botolph Street, London EC3A 7BB
020 3744 3990
[email protected]

Certificate Code

Free CV Review

free cv review


© John Academy.